Environmental factors and human activities (such as agriculture and urban sprawl) influence in many ways the use of space and land, and these actions can be threatening for the preservation of natural and cultural heritage, especially in the challenge of climate change.
Archaeological buildings, features and stratigraphy can be impacted by land use changes in different ways, depending on the nature of the hazard and the vulnerability of archaeological feature to it. In the case of uncontrolled vegetation growth, archaeological areas and buildings can be invaded by vegetal species and impacted by roots systems. Coastal erosion, from lake and rivers to seas, can bring to the erosion and destruction of entire sites, as it can happen for the increasing “cementification” of urban areas threatening unprotected archaeological sites.
RESEARCH aims at developing a land cover/land use data processing chain, focusing on the identification of land use changes affecting Cultural Heritage, in order to produce risk warning maps. Optical datasets at different resolutions will be processed in function of the scope and spatial extent of the analysis. Categories of land use/land cover, defined specifically for each test case, will be studied for the monitoring of important changes in a given span of time. A reliable model for evaluation of land use change risk will be designed and developed using the output data of the land use data processing chain combined with archaeological vulnerability data coming from archaeological field campaigns and remote sensing. Land use change detection techniques and their development will provide the opportunity for secondments among partners.
Land movement, also mass movement or mass wasting, indicates the downslope movement of a mass of surface materials, such as soil, rock or mud.
Soil erosion is a natural phenomenon manly due to water runoff and wind.
RESEARCH project aims at the creation of a Thematic Platform including back-end and front-end (Web Portal) and external interfaces.